What is an Abstract ?

An abstract is a brief SUMMARY of a scientific paper. It gives information about the authors, the hypotheses tested, a brief description of the methods used and the conclusions obtained.

An abstract is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject or discipline, and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper’s purpose. An abstract always appears at the beginning of a manuscript, acting as the point-of-entry for any given academic paper.

How to write an effective abstract

1. Clarify your objective of the paper: what you are going to tell

2. Identify the themes of the conference and formulate your paper accordingly.

3. Understand the submission procedure and the abstract format. For example:

Title, Name of presenter, Contact details, Category of presentation paper, poster etc and the Keywords

4. Stick closely to the length given. ( Ex. 250 word max.)

5. Ask yourself the following questions: ( When writing an abstract)

1. What is the purpose of my paper?

2. What approach am I using?

3. What are my findings?

4. Why are my findings so important ?

How to identify a Good Abstract

• Uses one or more well developed paragraphs: these are unified, coherent, concise, and able to stand alone.

• Uses an introduction/body/conclusion structure which presents the article, paper, or report’s purpose, results, conclusions, and recommendations in that order.

• Follows strictly the chronology of the article, paper, or report.

• Provides logical connections (or transitions) between the information included.

• Adds no new information, but simply summarizes the report.

• Understandable to a wide audience.